Greek version
Endemic species Rare-Threatened Fungi Bryophytes-Lichens Herbarium


The term flora refers to the total plant species occurring in an area. The Hellenic flora comprises approximately 6,000 species and subspecies, of which 1,100 are endemics, i.e. they don't grow anywhere else. The flora of Greece is unique in Europe for its richness and its large analogy of endemic species in relation to its size. For instance, Germany occupying an area three times the size of Greece, has 2,400 species and 6 endemics, Great Britain with double size has 2,300 species and 16 endemics and Spain, with four times the size of Greece, has almost the same number of plant species.

peacock anemones (Anemone pavonina)This phenomenon is explained by the large diversity of biotopes and ecosystems, suitable for hosting not only such number of plants, but also a large number of animals. The combination of Greece's geographical position among three continents (Europe, Asia, Africa), its ideal mediterranean climate, intense relief, lacy beaches, thousands of islands and rich palaeogeographical history, has created vital and unique habitats for Europe and the planet.

The flora of Parnitha in particular, has been a research object since late 1800. Most known researchers that dealt with it were Rechinger, Heldreich, Halacsy, Mattfeld, Orphanidis, Tountas and Diapoulis. Professor Ch. Diapoulis had recorded in mid-1950's c. 800 plant species and subspecies. According to concurrent studies (Aplada, 2003) the flora of Parnitha comprises c. 1,100 taxa (the term taxa refers to both species and subspecies), which is the number of taxa of whole Scandinavia! Furthermore, 92 of these 1,100 taxa, are Greek endemics.

white gagea (Gagea graeca) In other words, a botanical paradise lies so close to the capital city of Greece. However, it is in danger by overcollecting from the visitors of Parnitha. In this website an effort is made to arise public awareness for this natural treasure, so that we can protect it and deliver it intact to the next generations.



Play our game and meet the animals living on Mt Parnitha!



  Forest Service of Parnitha
  Thrakomakedonon Ave.    142, Acharnes. GR13601
   Athens, Greece.

Tel.: 0030 210 2434061-3 fax.: 0030 210 2434064



  Eirini Aplada, Biologist-M.Sc. Environmental Biology and Terrestrial and Marine Ecosystem Management